The current Government of Somalia is doing its utmost in order to make the nation among the middle-income countries of the World. Education in general and higher education in particular is the key in the development of any nation. As Agriculture and Livestock is the main stay for more than 85% of the population in the country and crop production takes the lion’s share, it would be difficult to bring fast economic growth without increasing crop production and productivity.
Therefore, the agricultural sector in general and higher academic institutions in particular have a decisive role to play in the efforts to build modern and prosperous in the years to come. Even though more than 85 % of the total landmass of the country is classified as a dry land, the attention and coverage with respect to trained professionals in the area of Dry land crop production was very limited.
In addition, as most of the curricula in this area and the different courses in the different departments were not more of competency based and market oriented, it has become imperative to address these issues through curriculum revision and nationwide modularization.
(Need for updating) There are a number of reasons why we need to modularize the current curriculum.
Firstly, the existing curriculum is discipline based and the courses are fragmented, i.e. courses are not organized around competencies. As a result, students who drop out from the departments are simply wastage because they cannot be certified in any of the competencies due to the fragmented nature of the courses.
Secondly, the existing curriculum did not indicate the students’ work load which is very important for their academic success. The existing curriculum showed only the contact hours that the instructor used for lecturing and practical purposes.
Thirdly, there was a loose connection between the world of education and the market demand because of the inherent problem of the existing curriculum. Furthermore, the curriculum focused on the teacher rather than the learner, i.e. it is not student centered.
However, in recent years, there has been a paradigm shift from teacher centered to student-centered teaching-learning process. That is why it is vital not only to modularize the existing curricula in the Dry land crop sciences but also harmonize them among the universities offering the same program in order to enhance student mobility, more freedom of choice as there is flexibility in module delivery, enhance independent learning and thereby improve the quality of education across the Universities.